Socotra Archipelago, in the northwest Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, is 250 km long and comprises four islands and two rocky islets which appear as a prolongation of the Horn of Africa. The site is of universal importance because of its biodiversity with rich and distinct flora and fauna: 37% of Socotra’s 825 plant species, 90% of its reptile species and 95% of its land snail species do not occur anywhere else in the world. The site also supports globally significant populations of land and sea birds (192 bird species, 44 of which breed on the islands while 85 are regular migrants), including a number of threatened species. The marine life of Socotra is also very diverse, with 253 species of reef-building corals, 730 species of coastal fish and 300 species of crab, lobster and shrimp.

From insects on islands about 60 endemic species of butterflies, moths and dragonflies live. Besides, a high variety of land mollusks is noted here. On the archipelago 192 bird species are registered, and new and new types are annually noted all. Sokotry porridge, a starling, solar bird, sparrow, songbird and a tsistikola - 6 types which you won't be able to meet more anywhere. In the waters washing the archipelago 253 types of corals, 300 species of crabs and lobsters, 730 species of fish and such large sea inhabitants as cachalots, whales of a grind, dolphins, whale sharks and slopes are. In 2008 for the originality the archipelago of Socotra was entered by UNESCO in the List of the World Heritage. It is worth noticing that the tourists arriving to the archipelago can't import or take out biological objects by no means, to litter, destroy corals and to go by cars out of roads.