Round the island of Socotra, the warm tropical waters are known among divers as purity and the various live world. The island of Socotra is the homeland more than 680 species of fish, and about 230 kinds of rigid corals (five local), and 30 kinds of soft corals. In addition to it 300 species of Crustacea (nine local), 490 species of mollusks and 230 kinds of seaweed. A temperate climate all year (except a monsoon), water temperatures from 27 to 36 °C, depending on a season, absolutely transparent water. The possibility to see such inhabitants of the ocean as barracuda, sea angel, dolphins, sea hedgehogs, slopes and even mantas, is the main reason why these places are visited by divers.

Scuba diving in Socotra becomes more and more popular among visitors of the island for some last years. The underwater world of Socotra offers a big variety of opportunities, for each level of interests and ability of divers. Socotra also offers extraordinary immersions in places of old ship-wrecks. The majority of scuba diving on the island is adrift, diving along cool coast, coral external reeves, and boats will meet you on rising.

In deep-water places, more than 800 various kinds of corals, and also thousands of sea inhabitants and mollusks were classified. Incredibly colorful coral can be found from 3.5 to 25 meters. The unprecedented biodiversity and beauty in immersion places on the island of Socotra, naturally, do scuba diving fascinating. In this quiet fascinating paradise, you will also be able to meet turtles, sharks, and barracudas.

In Socotra there are five main places for diving:

  • Dihamri – the Lagoon with more than 80 types of corals and 150 species of fish. It is a place with deep immersions to 50 meters.
  • Rosh - the Protected area with a reef goes down approximately 1 km from the coast, immersion depth between 10 and 15 meters.
  • Adho - is 2 places with immersions to 30 meters.
  • Erissel - is 7 places with numerous ship-wrecks. Vessels sank because of underwater rocks. To ship-wrecks to 50 years, it is also possible even to enter them. The cape Erissel was recognized as a protected area.
  • Shuab - here's the only place for immersions with ship-wreck. It is the steel vessel, the biggest ship-wreck in waters of Socotra.

Enjoy the tranquility of this fascinating paradise as you observe a great number of colorful fishes, reeves among the dense coral formations which are rendered habitable by huge mollusks, turtles, sharks, and barracudas.


Surfing on the island of Socotra only began a few years ago, when professionals and fans of the surf understood excellent opportunities which this area can offer. Finish fascinating day some entertainment which is engaged in surfing with very strong winds (approximately 8-foot average waves in the morning). The majority of rock coasts are also cool but on open beaches of a wave of such force that will be required some precautionary measures.

Because of its location in the Indian Ocean, the island of Socotra experiences very strong wind (monsoon) which blows and day and night strong gusts. Surfing is recommended only to skilled surfers. You have to have towing management more than 7 feet of length. And if you are a beginner, you have to be careful with mountain cliffs and rocks.

The best time to arrive for this adventure during the monsoon season from June until the end of August. In July the speed of wind can reach to 60 miles an hour, and you have to be prepared for such conditions. For skilled surfers Socotra - a real adventure with the high waves estimated by the world. Hot spots - seaport about Hadibo, the Cape Erissel, Shuab, Qalansia, and Aomak.

Sea trips and supervision over dolphins.

The island of Socotra because of its unique location in the Indian Ocean is allocated with an absolutely special environment which attracts the mass of dolphins. About five kilometers from the coast of Qalansiya, on the way on the wonderful Shouab beach, it is possible to see hundreds of dolphins in crystal-clear water. And if good luck supports you, you will be rewarded, swimming with very rare ocean dolphins. Operating the boat, dolphins can be noticed floating directly near the boat. On the Shouab beach with transparent turquoise water and white sand, you will be able to float and relax all day. This fine location is known excellent climate with the landscape capturing the spirit and a food fish of the big size, you will be able to experience the beauty of the nature mixed with a real adventure.


Yemen - stop area in the way for many migrating birds. Many visitors, ornithologists, come to Socotra because of a large number of the versions registered here. Life of birds of the island is incredibly various, from 320 bird species registered here, 48 breeds on the island. Among land birds, at least 8 versions - endemic, don't live more anywhere in the world, such as a Socotra Starling, the relative of Onychognathus (Grakl Sokotry), the Sunbird of Socotra of Chalcomitra balfouri, Socotra insularis and Socotra the Grosbeak of Rhynchostruthus socotranus with gold wings, the rock of Socotra Keeping to a diet (Emberiza Socotran), Socotra of Cisticola (Cisticola haesitata), the Starling of Socotra, the Sunbird of Socotra (Nectarinia balfouri) and the Songbird of Socotra (Encana). And about 11 - local subvarieties, for example, the Buzzard of Socotra (Buteo buteo ssp). And also it is more than 45 bird species breeding on the island such as Forbes Bystry, the Somali Starling - Watson, the Egyptian Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), Palm Pigeons (Streptopelia senegalensis), etc.

Also, there are coastal birds, and they too make a considerable part, such as Bigger Flamingoes (Phoenicopterus rubber), the Grey Heron (cinerea Heron) Smoked Chaika (Larus hemprichii), a pile with black wings (Himantopus himantopus), etc. Unfortunately, there are not enough data concerning the migrating versions.

Where you can watch birds of Socotra?

The greatest congestion of kinds of birds can be observed in the National park of Ayhaft, Deham, and plateau of Dixam.

Hazafaq can watch some birds in Vadi (Vadi Denegen), such as the Sunbird of Socotra and Sparrow of Socotra who is constant inhabitants of this area, both the Starling the Grosbeak and Socotra with gold wings both exists through the last well outnumbers a ubiquitous Somali Starling.

Shoq Wadi, to the East from the plain of Qrahan, have many plantations of date palm trees which are the good district for the Owl of Scops of Socotra. On some higher palm trees Night Herons with a black crown, a version, rather small number, on Socotra winter. This excellent and green canyon is in an hour of driving from Hadibo. Here the best habitat for the Grosbeak with gold wings and Sunbirds of Socotra. The road comes to an end in the small settlement around which the Songbird of Warbler of Socotra and the Starling of Socotra can be found.

Socotra International meet available guides of ornithologists who are familiar with the island and location of different types of birds. We will be able to lay for you such route which, of course, will fascinate you literally words. The island of Socotra – a unique place for tourist and informative expeditions! You will never forget the travel, and, we are sure, you will arrive again.

Don't forget to bring with yourself the equipment for studying birds.

Botanical tours

People on Socotra accumulated improbable knowledge in traditional medicine, using herbs, plants, and sea products. The shop of goods of traditional medicine still works in Hadibo and enjoys big confidence in his clients, as well as modern drugstores.

Mountain forest trees provided to islanders useful pitches, rubber, tannins, paints, drugs, juice, spices, such as cinnamon.

People from the continent often ask the visitors of Socotra to bring them dragon blood resin. Dragoon blood tree pitch is used to stop postnatal and nasal bleedings; saber made of Socotri aloe juice is also highly demanded.

For these natural treasures, it is extremely interesting to book a botanical tour with the trained guide who will show you the most important plants and also a traditional way of their use. You will be able to see and taste yellow berries of a tree of Ziziphus Spina-Christi of which branches the wreath for Jesus Christ was made. Tour will be complete in Adeeb, outside Hadibo where local plants grow up from saplings then to be returned back in their native habitat.

In Ancient Rome gladiators smeared bodies with the pitch extracted from Draconian Trees. It accelerated the healing of their wounds, reducing blood loss. It is considered that the pitch of blood of the Dragon has big curative properties than known Mumiyo. Except for pitch you can also buy the dried-up juice of the Aloe of Socotran, aroma and clay censers here. Try to find a blood-red lump of pitch on tree bark, to rise by its crown and to think that to this pitch can be more than one thousand years!

Research of the caves

Thanks to geological features, on Socotra island, are more than 50 caves. The Belgian Design group of the Karst of Socotra investigated and plotted cave system of the island.

The biggest and, definitely, noteworthy is Hoq cave located in rocks, is much higher than ecological camping of Rosh. Ascension to an entrance to a cave takes about one hour and the world of stalagmites, stalactites, crystal curtains and floors of calcite will bring you magic joy. The cave is more than 3 km long with the small lake right at the end. There is a footpath noted by reflecting tapes for safety reasons. The temperature in a cave is constant within a year between 25 and 27 °C with humidity is more than 95 percent.